- Introduction ::TokelauBackground:Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925. Referenda held in 2006 and 2007 to change the status of the islands from that of a New Zealand territory to one of free association with New Zealand did not meet the needed threshold for approval.Geography ::TokelauLocation:Oceania, group of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New ZealandGeographic coordinates:9 00 S, 172 00 WArea:total: 12 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 242land: 12 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:about 17 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:101 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)Terrain:low-lying coral atolls enclosing large lagoonsElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: unnamed location 5 mNatural resources:NEGLLand use:arable land: 0% (soil is thin and infertile)permanent crops: 60%other: 40% (2011)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:lies in Pacific typhoon beltEnvironment - current issues:limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New ZealandGeography - note:consists of three atolls (Atafu, Fakaofo, Nukunonu), each with a lagoon surrounded by a number of reef-bound islets of varying length and rising to over 3 m above sea levelPeople and Society ::TokelauNationality:noun: Tokelauan(s)adjective: TokelauanEthnic groups:PolynesianLanguages:Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), EnglishReligions:Congregational Christian Church 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, other 2%note: on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominantPopulation:1,353 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 235Age structure:0-14 years: 42%15-64 years: 53%65 years and over: 5% (2013 est.)Population growth rate:-0.01% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 198Urbanization:urban population: 0% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Sex ratio:NAInfant mortality rate:total: NAmale: NAfemale: NALife expectancy at birth:total population: NAmale: NAfemale: NATotal fertility rate:NADrinking water source:improved:rural: 97% of populationtotal: 97% of populationunimproved:rural: 3% of populationtotal: 3% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:rural: 93% of populationtotal: 93% of populationunimproved:rural: 7% of populationtotal: 7% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAObesity - adult prevalence rate:63.4% (2007)country comparison to the world: 4Education expenditures:NALiteracy:NASchool life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 12 yearsmale: 12 yearsfemale: 13 years (2003)Government ::TokelauCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: TokelauDependency status:self-administering territory of New Zealand; note - Tokelau and New Zealand have agreed to a draft constitution as Tokelau moves toward free association with New Zealand; a UN-sponsored referendum on self governance in October 2007 did not produce the two-thirds majority vote necessary for changing the political statusGovernment type:NACapital:none; each atoll has its own administrative centertime difference: UTC+13 (18 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (territory of New Zealand)Independence:none (territory of New Zealand)National holiday:Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)Constitution:administered under the Tokelau Act 1948; amended 1970Legal system:common law system of New ZealandSuffrage:21 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General of New Zealand Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006); New Zealand is represented by Administrator Jonathan KINGS (since February 2011)head of government: Foua TOLOA (since 21 February 2009); note - position rotates annually among the 3 Faipule (village leaders)cabinet: the Council for the Ongoing Government of Tokelau, consisting of 3 Faipule (village leaders) and 3 Pulenuku (village mayors), functions as a cabinet(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; administrator appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade in New Zealand; the head of government chosen from the Council of Faipule and serves a one-year termLegislative branch:unicameral General Fono (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms based upon proportional representation from the three islands - Atafu has 7 seats, Fakaofo has 7 seats, Nukunonu has 6 seats); note - the Tokelau Amendment Act of 1996 confers limited legislative power to the General Fonoelections: last held on 19-21 January 2011 (next to be held in 2014)election results: independents 20Judicial branch:highest court(s): Court of Appeal in New Zealand (consists of the court president and 8 judges sitting in 3- or 5-judge panels depending on the case)judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the Judicial Selection Committee and approved by three-quarters majority of the Parliament; judge tenure NAsubordinate courts: High Court, in New Zealand; Council of Elders or TaupulegaPolitical parties and leaders:nonePolitical pressure groups and leaders:noneInternational organization participation:PIF (observer), SPC, UNESCO (associate), UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (territory of New Zealand)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (territory of New Zealand)Flag description:a yellow stylized Tokelauan canoe on a dark blue field sails toward the manu - the Southern Cross constellation of four, white, five-pointed stars at the hoist side; the Southern Cross represents the role of Christianity in Tokelauan culture and, in conjunction with the canoe, symbolizes the country navigating into the future; the color yellow indicates happiness and peace, and the blue field represents the ocean on which the community reliesNational symbol(s):tuluma (fishing tackle box)National anthem:name: ""Te Atua"" (For the Almighty)lyrics/music: unknown/Falani KALOLOnote: adopted 2008; in preparation for eventual self governance, Tokelau held a national contest to choose an anthem; as a territory of New Zealand, ""God Defend New Zealand"" and ""God Save the Queen"" are official (see New Zealand)Economy ::TokelauEconomy - overview:Tokelau's small size (three villages), isolation, and lack of resources greatly restrain economic development and confine agriculture to the subsistence level. The people rely heavily on aid from New Zealand - about $10 million annually in 2008 and 2009 - to maintain public services. New Zealand's support amounts to 80% of Tokelau''s recurrent government budget. An international trust fund, currently worth nearly US$32 million, was established in 2004 to provide Tokelau an independent source of revenue. The principal sources of revenue come from sales of copra, postage stamps, souvenir coins, and handicrafts. Money is also remitted to families from relatives in New Zealand.GDP (purchasing power parity):$1.5 million (1993 est.)country comparison to the world: 229GDP (official exchange rate):$NAGDP - real growth rate:NA%GDP - per capita (PPP):$1,000 (1993 est.)country comparison to the world: 219GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: NA%industry: NA%services: NA%Agriculture - products:coconuts, copra, breadfruit, papayas, bananas; pigs, poultry, goats; fishIndustries:small-scale enterprises for copra production, woodworking, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishingLabor force:440 (2001)country comparison to the world: 232Unemployment rate:NA%Population below poverty line:NA%Budget:revenues: $430,800expenditures: $2.8 million (1987 est.)Fiscal year:1 April - 31 MarchInflation rate (consumer prices):NA%Exports:$0 (2002)country comparison to the world: 222Exports - commodities:stamps, copra, handicraftsImports:$969,200 (2002)country comparison to the world: 223Imports - commodities:foodstuffs, building materials, fuelExchange rates:New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar -1.2334 (2012)1.263 (2011)1.3874 (2010)1.6002 (2009)1.4151 (2008)Energy ::TokelauCrude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Communications ::TokelauTelephone system:general assessment: modern satellite-based communications systemdomestic: radiotelephone service between islandsinternational: country code - 690; radiotelephone service to Samoa; government-regulated telephone service (TeleTok); satellite earth stations - 3 (2009)Broadcast media:no TV stations; each atoll operates a radio service that provides shipping news and weather reports (2009)Internet country code:.tkInternet hosts:2,069 (2012)country comparison to the world: 162Internet users:800 (2008)country comparison to the world: 216Transportation ::TokelauPorts and terminals:none; offshore anchorage onlyMilitary ::TokelauMilitary - note:defense is the responsibility of New ZealandTransnational Issues ::TokelauDisputes - international:Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island (Olosega) in its 2006 draft independence constitution"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tokelau — Tokelau … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tokelau — Introduction Tokelau Background: Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925. Geography… … Universalium
Tokelau — es un archipiélago ubicado en Oceanía, sobre el Océano Pacífico Sur y consta de tres atolones llamados Atafu, Nunukonu y Fafaoko y unos 125 islotes. Es un territorio dependiente de Nueva Zelanda, mencionado en la lista de territorios no autónomos … Enciclopedia Universal
Tokelau — Tokelau, amtlich 1916 46 Union Islands [ juːnjən aɪləndz], 1946 76 Tokelau Islands (Tokelauinseln), als Überseeterritorium zu Neuseeland gehörende Inselgruppe im Pazifischen Ozean, 500 km nördlich der Samoainseln, besteht aus den Atollen Atafu… … Universal-Lexikon
Tokelau — For other uses, see Tokelau (disambiguation). Tokelau … Wikipedia
Tokelau — 8° 33′ 06″ S 172° 30′ 04″ W / 8.55167, 172.501 … Wikipédia en Français
Tokelau — Para otros usos de este término, véase Tokelau (desambiguación). Tokelau … Wikipedia Español
Tokelau — noun Country in Oceania. Official name: Tokelau … Wiktionary
Tokelau — /ˈtɒkəlaʊ/ (say tokuhlow) noun a NZ dependency consisting of the Tokelau Islands, a group of coral islands in the central Pacific, about 480 km north of Samoa. About 11 km2. Languages: English and Tokelauan (the local Polynesian language).… … Australian English dictionary
Tokelau — ISO 639 3 Code : tkl ISO 639 2/B Code : tkl ISO 639 2/T Code : tkl ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3